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It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. There is a grave side to travelling though. The reason behind this is that you might come into contact with diseases that you may never have come across or heard of in your own country. This makes travel jabs an important way to protect your life.
Most travellers then feel quite unsettled when they factor in the issue of travel vaccines. The environmental location that you are traveling to and the time of year will determine the kind of inoculation you require. The following is a discussion of a few of the diseases that are of concern for when you consider taking a travel jab.
One of the serious diseases is Japanese Encephalitis normally contracted through a mosquito bite and is prevalent in tropical environments. The symptoms may be mild but in severe cases it can cause brain inflammation. Vaccination should be administered in 3 doses, 30 days before departure. Culprit countries are; South East Asia, Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Next is Malaria which is tropical disease passed to humans by Anopheles mosquitos. The symptoms of a malaria infection begin to show 10 days to 21 days after infection and they may include all or some of the following; flu-like symptoms, joint and muscle -aches, fever, chills, vomiting, nausea and a general feeling of being sick. Malaria prevention is done by administering a course of anti-malarial tabs 3weeks before you travel and continued 4 weeks after your return home. Regions concerned include, Africa, Middle East, and Asia.
Travellers should also be concerned about typhoid fever. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. It can be fatal. The travel inoculation is given one month before departure. High level of hygiene should be observed when taking food and water so that you can avoid contracting typhoid gems. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
There is another serious disease namely Yellow Fever. It is a disease that is only found in tropical South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is contracted through bites from mosquitoes that are infected with the virus. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. This is a dangerous disease. Its so serious that in some regions like East Africa in particular, travelers are required to show a certificate of vaccination before they are allowed to enter. The jab should be given 10 days before travel day and lasts for a decade.
Its important to visit a travel clinic to get the appropriate jab for you so that you can have a successful and safe trip.